Bangles are the earliest ornaments which ladies ever wore. In early ages, bangles were made of clay and its symptoms are still present in Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Taxila museums.

Clay Bangles Made of Clay

Early ages women used to wear bangles made of fired clay, bronze bone, silver and gold. Glass was known to the people of Taxila and Butkara (Swat) where glass tiles were used for laying in floors of stupas. Today the age of making terracotta bangles is over and glass bangles are used to be the most popular mode of adoring the arms of ladies. It is still the cheapest, beautiful and elegant ornament of ladies.

This jewelry item is worn by almost all females of all ages especially eastern and South Asian on special occasions like wedding, Eid, and other festivals. In eastern countries, the most interesting myth of glass bangles is that wearing colorful glass bangles is a symptom of happy married life, green bangles are the symbol of fertility of a married woman and it is considered a bad omen for ladies to leave their arms unadorned without bangles. Wearing bangles all the time is a symbol of a married life. When the husband of a lady dies, the first thing she would do is to break the glass bangles from her arms. Moreover, in young girls gift of bangles given by friend or lover conveys the message of love and compassion.

These days’ bangles are worn with several additions like ghongroo, glitters, motives and laces etc.  Process of making bangles is as harder as it looks soft in appearance.

In Pakistan, bangle making is a household craft and three small factories of bangle makers in Hamdard Town, Jhaal Chakian and Qasbah Abad near Sargodha city on Sargodha-Shahpur Road is still working successfully.

Glass Bangles

Following is a complex and hard process of bangle making.

Material:

The raw material used to make bangles is old and waste bottles, broken glasses, jugs, broken bangles and such other waste stuff that is made of glass.

  • Furnaces
  • Chemicals
  • Cons
  • Molds

 Raw Material

Colored Glass:

For multicolored shaded bangles several chemicals are added in to the broken glasses. For Instance,

  • Blue color gets by mixing cobalt
  • Copper slag added to get brown color
  • Red slag produces green color
  • Iron rust makes glass to look black
  • Sandur (vermilion) produces yellow shade
  • Cinnabar is fetched from Hyderabad and used to make red color glass, It is also available in Lahore

Process:

All waste material put in furnaces with different chemicals to melt and turn this into milky opaque color rather than becoming it transparent.

Furnaces: Glass Bangles

This molten poured into iron plate and child it by throwing cold water. It become cool, hard and turn into a plate of glass. Then this round plate again broken into small pieces and again put it into furnaces and dying with desired color. When it melts into furnaces than it is brought out and is chilled with cold water as before but in the shape of a solid mass and of a single color. This process is repeated each time and a different color is added to the mixture. In this way lumps of glass of various colors are prepared and stored. Different sizes of molds and cons are used to make shape and size of the bangle. Spindles with L-shaped tip used for lifting molten glass.

Mold for Bangles

Bangles making Process

Bangles Sticking with Fire

Glass is Cutting in the forms of Bangles

Bangles are ready to ship in big markets

The bangles of Jhaal Chakian are prepared in red, blue, green, light green, black, brown, white, yellow and sandori colors. Similar glass bangles are also made in Shah Almi Lahore and Hydrabad Sindh but the technique is different and it is not as strong as bangles of Jhaal Chakian, Sargodha.

Beautiful Bangles are ready to use

Bangles are the earliest ornaments which ladies ever wore. In early ages, bangles were made of clay and its symptoms are still present in Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Taxila museums.

Clay Bangles Made of Clay

Early ages women used to wear bangles made of fired clay, bronze bone, silver and gold. Glass was known to the people of Taxila and Butkara (Swat) where glass tiles were used for laying in floors of stupas. Today the age of making terracotta bangles is over and glass bangles are used to be the most popular mode of adoring the arms of ladies. It is still the cheapest, beautiful and elegant ornament of ladies.

This jewelry item is worn by almost all females of all ages especially eastern and South Asian on special occasions like wedding, Eid, and other festivals. In eastern countries, the most interesting myth of glass bangles is that wearing colorful glass bangles is a symptom of happy married life, green bangles are the symbol of fertility of a married woman and it is considered a bad omen for ladies to leave their arms unadorned without bangles. Wearing bangles all the time is a symbol of a married life. When the husband of a lady dies, the first thing she would do is to break the glass bangles from her arms. Moreover, in young girls gift of bangles given by friend or lover conveys the message of love and compassion.

These days’ bangles are worn with several additions like ghongroo, glitters, motives and laces etc.  Process of making bangles is as harder as it looks soft in appearance.

In Pakistan, bangle making is a household craft and three small factories of bangle makers in Hamdard Town, Jhaal Chakian and Qasbah Abad near Sargodha city on Sargodha-Shahpur Road is still working successfully.

Glass Bangles

Following is a complex and hard process of bangle making.

Material:

The raw material used to make bangles is old and waste bottles, broken glasses, jugs, broken bangles and such other waste stuff that is made of glass.

  • Furnaces
  • Chemicals
  • Cons
  • Molds

 Raw Material

Colored Glass:

For multicolored shaded bangles several chemicals are added in to the broken glasses. For Instance,

  • Blue color gets by mixing cobalt
  • Copper slag added to get brown color
  • Red slag produces green color
  • Iron rust makes glass to look black
  • Sandur (vermilion) produces yellow shade
  • Cinnabar is fetched from Hyderabad and used to make red color glass, It is also available in Lahore

Process:

All waste material put in furnaces with different chemicals to melt and turn this into milky opaque color rather than becoming it transparent.

Furnaces: Glass Bangles

This molten poured into iron plate and child it by throwing cold water. It become cool, hard and turn into a plate of glass. Then this round plate again broken into small pieces and again put it into furnaces and dying with desired color. When it melts into furnaces than it is brought out and is chilled with cold water as before but in the shape of a solid mass and of a single color. This process is repeated each time and a different color is added to the mixture. In this way lumps of glass of various colors are prepared and stored. Different sizes of molds and cons are used to make shape and size of the bangle. Spindles with L-shaped tip used for lifting molten glass.

Mold for Bangles

Bangles making Process

Bangles Sticking with Fire

Glass is Cutting in the forms of Bangles

Bangles are ready to ship in big markets

The bangles of Jhaal Chakian are prepared in red, blue, green, light green, black, brown, white, yellow and sandori colors. Similar glass bangles are also made in Shah Almi Lahore and Hydrabad Sindh but the technique is different and it is not as strong as bangles of Jhaal Chakian, Sargodha.

Beautiful Bangles are ready to use

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